Who was the leader of the miners strike?
Arthur Scargill (born 11 January 1938) is a British trade unionist who was President of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) from 1982 to 2002. He is best known for leading the 1984–1985 miners strike, a major event in the history of the British labour movement.
What age is Arthur Scargill?
83 years (January 11, 1938) Arthur Scargill/Age
Is Arthur Scargill married?
Anne Harperm. 1961–2001 Arthur Scargill/Spouse
Where was Arthur Scargill from?
Barnsley, United Kingdom Arthur Scargill/Place of birth
Why did Thatcher want to close the mines?
Thatchers strategy She believed that the excessive costs of increasingly inefficient collieries had to end in order to grow the economy. She planned to close inefficient pits and depend more on imported coal, oil, gas and nuclear.
How many mines did Thatcher close?
In early 1984, the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher announced plans to close 20 coal pits which led to the year-long miners strike which ended in March 1985.
What caused the 3 day week in the 70s?
The Three-Day Week In the 1970s, most of the UKs electricity was produced by coal-burning power stations. Commercial consumption of electricity would be limited to three consecutive days each week. Heaths objectives were business continuity and survival and to avoid further inflation and a currency crisis.
How long did the miners strike last?
roughly two weeks The strike began on 13 October 1969 and lasted for roughly two weeks, with some pits returning to work before others. The NCB lost £15 million and 2.5 million tonnes of coal as a result of the strike.
Why did the miners go on strike?
The miners strike of 1984–1985 was a major industrial action to shut down the British coal industry in an attempt to prevent colliery closures. Opposition to the strike was led by the Conservative government of the Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, who wanted to reduce the power of the trade unions.
Who started the miners strike?
Arthur Scargill The miners strike of 1984–1985 was a major industrial action to shut down the British coal industry in an attempt to prevent colliery closures. It was led by Arthur Scargill of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) against the National Coal Board (NCB), a government agency.
Who owns coal UK?
National Coal BoardNational Coal Board logoAbbreviationNCBProductsCoalServicesnationalcoalboard.comOwnerUK Government6 more rows
Did Labour close the mines?
Clement Attlees Labour government closed 101 pits between 1947 and 1951; Macmillan (Conservative) closed 246 pits between 1957 and 1963; Wilson (Labour) closed 253 in his two terms in office between 1964 and 1976; Heath (Conservative) closed 26 between 1970 and 1974; and Thatcher (Conservative) closed 115 between 1979
Who led the miners strike in 1972?
Margaret Thatcher Margaret Thatcher This led to power cuts, the introduction of a three-day working week and the downfall of the Conservative government of Edward Heath. The miners were on top of the world in the 1970s, able to hold the country to ransom to stop pit closures and raise wages.
What year were the power cuts in the 70s?
The 1970s are a decade remembered for industrial strife, particularly the Three-Day-Week of 1974 and 1979s Winter of Discontent. The pattern of dispute and disruption was set at the start of the decade, when in the run up to Christmas 1970 the country was crippled by power cuts as the result of industrial action.
Is the UK banning coal?
Log burners and open fires are not being banned, but the government says people will have to buy dry wood or manufactured solid fuels which produce less smoke. Selling bagged traditional house coal and wet wood in small units (less than 2m cube) is now unlawful.
Does the UK still have coal mines?
Almost all onshore coal resources in the UK occur in rocks of the Carboniferous age, some of which extend under the North Sea. The last deep coal mine in the UK closed on 18 December 2015. Twenty-six open cast mines still remained in operation at the end of 2015.
How much did a miner earn in 1970?
Coal Miners (Pay)Underground workers197016.00*26.1197119.0029.6197225.0034.6197327.2939.84 more rows•Nov 27, 1973
How long did the miners strike last in 1972?
seven weeks The strike lasted seven weeks and ended after miners agreed to a pay offer on 19 February.
Is solid fuel being banned?
Yes – Open fires and fireplaces will no longer be able to be sold as solid fuel heating appliances after 2022.
Is anthracite being banned?
Smokeless Coals (including Anthracite) and Kiln Dried Logs are NOT being banned. We recommend: Smokeless Ovals – Smokeless Ovals are a premium, cost effective, multi-purpose fuel ideal for use on open fires, multi-fuel stoves, room heaters and cookers.