# Question: How is relative age determined?

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Relative Age Determination. Superposition of rock units is a very simple and straightforward method of relative age determination. The principle states that in a sequence of undeformed sedimentary rocks the oldest beds are at the bottom and the youngest ones are at the top.

## What is relative age based on?

In the process of relative dating, scientists do not determine the exact age of a fossil or rock but look at a sequence of rocks to try to decipher the times that an event occurred relative to the other events represented in that sequence. The relative age of a rock then is its age in comparison with other rocks.

## What is relative age give an example?

For example, the grains within a sedimentary rock are older than the rock; a fragment of sandstone incorporated within a mudstone is older than the mudstone; a fossil bone found in a limestone is older than the limestone.

## How can scientists determine the relative age of a rock?

The age of rocks is determined by radiometric dating, which looks at the proportion of two different isotopes in a sample. Radioactive isotopes break down in a predictable amount of time, enabling geologists to determine the age of a sample using equipment like this thermal ionization mass spectrometer.

## Is time absolute or relative?

The time is absolute. The mass is absolute. The special relativity and the general relativity do not hold in the nature. The gravity does not diffract or bend light.

## How is relative dating used?

Relative dating is used to arrange geological events, and the rocks they leave behind, in a sequence. The method of reading the order is called stratigraphy (layers of rock are called strata). Relative dating does not provide actual numerical dates for the rocks.

## What is up a relative age dating activity?

Before geologists can correlate the ages of rocks from different areas, they must first figure out the ages of rocks at a single location. Within a single locality, geologists are able to determine which rock units are the oldest and which are youngest. This type of analysis is called relative age dating.

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